Praktiska Info Ārstiem – Main Page

 

 

 

*   VISPĀRĒJĀ ENDOKRINOLOĢIJA  & ENDOKRĪNĀ IMUNO-GENĒTIKA

                       

                        *           Neuroendocrinology of critically ill patients

                        *           Diffuse hormonal systems and Endocrine Tumor Syndromes–EndoText Review

                       

                        *           Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia – eMedicine Review

                        *           ENDOCRINE TUMORS

                        *           ENDOCRINE CANCER

                       

                        *           Carcinoid of gastrointestinal localization

                        *           Islet-cell carcinoma

                        *           VIPoma – eMedicine Review

                        *           Nesidioblastosis – eMedicine Review

                       

                        *           GENES OF INTEREST IN ENDOCRINOLOGY AND REPRODUCTION

                       

                        *           Genetics of auto-immune diseases ( allow  “cookies” )

 

*           Autoimmune Endocrine Disorders – EndoText  Review

*           Type 1 Diabetes: Cellular, Molecular & Clinical Immunology

*           International Diabetes Immunotherapy Group

*        Immune Tolerance Network

                 

                  *        Systemic Pathology – endocrine, gastro-intestinal, reproductive systems

*           Atlas of Endocrine System

 

               

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*  AUGŠANAS TRAUCĒJUMI

 

                  *        Growth and growth problems - for GP-doctors

                  *        Growth and Growth Disorders – EndoText Review

                  *        Gigantism – EndoText Review

                 

                  *        eMedicine – Pediatric Endocrinology

                 

                  *        Constitutional Growth Delay – eMedicine Review

                  *        Gigantism and Acromegaly – eMedicine Review

                  *        Hypopituitarism – eMedicine Review

                  *        Laron Syndrome – eMedicine Review

 

                  *        Growth monitoring    

                  *        Management of short stature

                  *        Growth Hormone Therapy in Adults and Children

                  *        Which children should receive growth hormone treatment ( ADC, 2000 )

                 

                  *        Treatment with a LH-RH Agonist in Adolescents with Short Stature (NEJM, 2003)

                  *        Is Treatment with a LH-RH Agonist Justified in Short Adolescents? (NEJM, 2003)

                 

                  *        Management of Short Children Born Small for Gestational Age  ( Pediatrics, 2003 )

                  *        Growth of Very Low Birth Weight Infants to Age 20 Years ( Pediatrics, 2003 )

 

                        *           Stunting of Growth as a Major Feature of Anorexia Nervosa in Male Adolescents

                        *           Growth and puberty in 21-hydroxylase deficiency (CAH) patients

                        *           Anthropometry of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta

                        *           Linear growth in prepubertal children with atopic dermatitis

                        *           Growth charts for Down's syndrome from birth to 18 years of age

                       

                        *           Turner Syndrome

                        *           Turner syndrome in man  ( DG – use  “search” )

                        *           Health Supervision for Children With Turner Syndrome ( Pediatrics, 2003 )

                        *           Cardiovascular Malformations and Complications in Turner Syndrome

                       

                        *           Noonan syndrome

                        *           GH-treatment in Prader-Willi syndrome

 

                        *           Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par augšanas traucējumiem

 

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*  DZIMUMATTĪSTĪBAS TRAUCĒJUMI UN AR DZIMUMSFĒRU SAISTĪTAS PROBLĒMAS

                 

                  *        eMedicine – pediatric endocrinology

                 

                  *        Genito-urinary development – Prof. D.A. Hatch, Loyola University

                  *        Sexual differentiation – EndoText Review

                 

                  *        Ambiguous Genitalia and Intersexuality – eMedicine Review

                  *        Ambiquous Genitalia in Newborn – EndoText Review    

                  *        Evaluation of the Newborn With Developmental Anomalies of the External Genitalia

                 

                  *        Genital Problems in Infants

                  *        Guidelines for Intersexuality

                  *        Medical Treatment of Intersexuality

 

                  *        Dzimumdiferenciācijas un dzimumattīstības traucējumi

                  *        Disorders of sexual development - John Hopkins Medical Centre

                  *        Gonadal disgenesis – genetic mosaics

                 

                  *        Male Pseudohermaphroditism

                  *        Nongenetic Male Pseudohermaphroditism

                 

                  *        XX-male – clinical signs and genetics

                  *        46,XY Intersex Individuals ( Pediatrics, 2002 )

                  *        Ambiguous Genitalia With Perineoscrotal Hypospadias in 46,XY Individuals

                 

                  *        Assessment of the gonadotrophin-gonadal axis in androgen insensitivity syndrome

                  *        Pituitary-gonadal axis in male undermasculinisation

                  *        Androgen insensitivity syndrome

                  *        Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome – eMedicine Review

 

                  *        Cryptorchidism and Hypospadias

                  *        Cryptorchidism (e-medicine)

                  *        Cryptochidism – Cornell University

                  *        The Undescended Testicle Diagnosis and Management

                  *        Cryptorchidism hub

                  *        Cryptorchidism and fertility in men

                  *        Hormonal treatment of cryptorchidism

 

                  *        Normal and Abnormal Puberty – EndoText Review

                  *        Myths and variations in normal pubertal development

                  *        Disorders of Puberty

                 

                  *        Pubertas Precox ( allow  “cookies” )

                  *        Precocious Pseudopuberty

                  *        Delayed Sexual Development

                  *        Earlier Onset of Puberty in Girls

                  *        Blood Lead Concentration and Delayed Puberty in Girls

 

                  *        Microphallus – eMedicine Review

                  *        Gynecomastia

                  *        Hypogonadism – eMedicine Review

                 

                  *        Hirsutisms

                  *        Hirsutism – causes and treatment

                  *        Evaluation and treatment of hirsutism

                 

                  *        Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – eMedicine Review

                  *        Secretion of gonadotrophins in PCOS ( DG – use  “search” )

                  *        Genetics of PCOS

                 

                  *        Female Reproductive Endocrinology   - EndoText Review

                  *        Endocrine disease and pregnancy – EndoText Review

                  *        Gyn Endo Handbuch

                 

                  *        Male Reproductive Endocrinology – EndoText Review

                  *        Endocrinology of  meno- un andropause ( DG – use “search” )

                  *        Substitution of testosterone for men in andropause ( DG – use  “search” )

                  *        Tendency to hypogonadism in men with diabetes type I

                  *        Hyperpralactinemia in men–clinical&biochemical characteristics ( DG-use “search” )

                                         

                  *        Orgasma Endokrinoloģija  (lai rakstu redzētu-vajadzīga b/m BMN reģistrācija)

                 

                  *        Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par dzimumsfēras problēmām

 

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*    DIABETES MELLITUS

                 

                  *        Diabēta jaunumi – pēdējā laika kopsavilkums

                  *        NATIONAL DIABETES EDUCATION PROGRAME

                  *        DIE ZERTIFIZIERTE FORTBILDUNG IM INTERNET – DIABETES

                  *        Deutschen Diabetes-Forschungsinstitutes Düsseldorf (DDFI)

 

                  *        Diabetes Mellitus and Carbohydrate metabolism – EndoText Review

                  *        Diabetes for Professionals

                  *        DIABETES – Postgraduate Medicine Online

 

                        *        Dr. Ragnāra Hanas (Diabēta Rokasgrāmatas autora) materiāli           

                        *        Guidelines for the Treatment of Diabetic Hyperglycemia & DKA

                        *        Ketoacidosis;  Hyperglycemia without ketoacidosis ; Gastroenteritis (pie diabēta)

During surgery (diabēta kontrole operācijas laikā) ; Intra-venous fluids used for ketoacidosis (rehidratācija)    ragnar.hanas@bll.se

                       

                        *        INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES IN CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS   

Diabēta rokasgrāmata – domāta pacientiem, viņu vecākiem, ārstiem un māsām

( Peter Swift, Consultant Paediatrician, The Childrens Hospital, Leicester Royal    Infirmary, Leicester, UK - The more I read of it, the more I think it is a remarkable  resource reference for professionals and parents. )

 

                        *        Diabetes education for kids–apmācības programa skolas vecuma bērniem

                        *        PUMP EXPEDITIONS – spēle insulīna sūkņa terapijas apmācībai

                        *        AIDA Diabetes Software Simulator - A freeware educational simulator of glucose-

                                    insulin interaction and insulin dosage & dietary adjustment in diabetes.

                       

                        *        Diabētiskā retinopātija – klīnisks apskats

                        *        Eyes on Diabetes - A Resource for Diabetic Retinopathy

                       

                        *        Autonomā diabētiskā neuropātija

                        *        Diabētiskas nefropātijas diagnostika un terapija

                        *        Diabētiska gastro-enteropātija ( DG – caur “search” )

                        *        Diabēta reimatoloģiskās izpausmes

                        *        International Consensus on the Diabetic Foot

                       

                        *        MODY un citi, t.s.,  GENĒTISKIE DIABĒTA TIPI

                        *        Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus (chrom.6) – OMIM Review

                        *        Tranzitors neonatāls diabēts  ( DG – caur “search” )

                        *        Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus Due to Complete Glucokinase Deficiency

                                   

                        *        Cukura diabēts mātei un jaudzimušo malformācijas

                        *        Iedzimtas anomālijas diabēta slimnieku bērniem

                       

                        *        Cukura diabēts bērnu primārajā aprūpē

                        *        Diabēts bērniem līdz 1 gada vecumam

                        *        Pusaudžu diabēta problēmas

                        *        Diabēta jauniešu pāreja pieaugušo aprūpē

                       

                        *        Ambulatora insulīna terapija pie cukura diabēta 1. un 2. tipa

                        *        “ Dubultais diabēts “ – cukura diabēta 1. un 2. tips vienlaicīgi (jāatļauj “cookies”)

                       

                        *        Insulīna LANTUS lietošana multīplu injekciju režīmā

                        *        Hipoglikēmija diabēta slimniekiem

                        *        Smaga hipoglikēmija cukura diabēta 1. tipa sl-kiem – ( jāatļauj “cookies” )

                       

                        *        Enzīmpreparāti - diabēta ārstēšanas daļa

                        *        Transfer of metformin into human milk

                        *        AAP Recommendations on Cow Milk and Diabetes

                       

                        *        Tuberkulozes gaita diabēta slimniekiem  ( DG – caur “search” )

                        *        Patreizējās stratēģijas pie cukura diabēta un adipozitātes kombinācijas  

                                    ( DG – caur “search” )

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            *        “Gribi – tici, gribi – netici “ par diabētu ( “BELIEVE  IT OR NOT” )

                        *        Retīnas protēzes – izpētes 1. fāze

                        *        Prolongētā insulīna atbrīvošanās atbilstoši glikēmijai

                        *        ISLET NEOGENESIS THERAPY

                        *        New Diabetes Therapy

 

                        *        Sleep Sentry – night-time hypoglycemia guard – alarm

                        *        A1cNow in Your Practice - Testing HbA1c levels in your office –

                                    it has many benefits and is a critical complement to blood glucose values

 

                        *        Diabetes - one stop

                        *        Practical Diabetes International

                       

                        *        Insulīna sūkņa terapija  - diabēta slimniekiem arī Latvijā

                        *        Insulīna sūkņa terapija maziem bērniem ar diabētu

                        *        Insulīna sūkņa lietošanas drošība un efektivitāte bērniem

                        *        Insulīna sūkņa lietošanas pozitīva klīniska pieredze

                       

                        *        Insulin Pumpers

                        *        Diabetes and Insulin Pump Therapy

                       

                        *        Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par praktisko diabetoloģiju

 

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*  VAIROGDZIEDZERA SLIMĪBAS

                       

                        *           Thyroid Disease Manager   

                        *           eMedicine – pediatric endocrinology

                       

                        *           The Thyroid-Clinical Evaluation–Prof. D.L. Gordon, Loyola University

 

                        *           Iedzimtas hipotireozes vadlīnijas

                        *           Subclinical hypotyroidism in children

                        *           Thyroid problems in neonatals ( DG – use “search” )

 

                        *           Hashimoto thyroiditis in children ( DG – use “search” )

                        *           Subacute thyroiditis – clinical course and outcomes

                        *           Carbimazole-induced agranulomatosis - therapy

 

                        *           Thyroid Cancer

                        *           Diagnostic mistakes in cases of thyroid cancer

                        *           Primary tuberculosis of the thyroid gland

                       

                        *           Solitary Thyroid Nodule – eMedicine Review

                        *           Thyroid tests - review  ( DG – use “search” )

                        *           EUTHYROID – European Euthyroid Project

                                        ( a multi-centre study of transient hypothyroxinaemia in preterm infants )

               

                        *           Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par vairogdziedzera problēmām

       

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*  VIRSNIERU SLIMĪBAS

                 

                  *        Adrenal Disease and Function – EndoText Review

                  *        Adrenal Disorders - EndoText Review

                  *        Adrenal Cortex Glucocorticoids – Merck Medicus Review

                 

                  *        eMedicine – pediatric endocrinology

 

                  *        Addison’s disease

                  *        Adrenal Hypoplasia – eMedicine Review

                  *        Adrenal Insufficiency – eMedicine Review

                  *        Tests of adrenal insufficiency

                 

                  *        Endocrine Hypertension of Childhood – EndoText Review

                  *        Hyperaldosteronism ;  Conn syndrome

                  *        Hyperaldosteronism – eMedicine Review

 

                  *        Pseudohypoaldosteronism – eMedicine Review

                 

                  *        Cushing’s syndrome in children and adolescents

                  *        Adrenocortical carcinoma

                  *        Virilizing Tumors of the Adrenal Gland

                 

                  *        Pheochromocytoma

                  *        Pheochromocytoma

 

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – eMedicine Review

                  *        Classical & non-Classical CAH – EndoText Review by Prof. M. New

                  *        21-hydroxylase deficiency – GeneReviews  by Prof. M. New

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-HD – OMIM Review

                  *        AGS-neklasiskā forma

                 

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 11-b-HD – OMIM Review

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17-a-HD – OMIM Review

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hypoplasia & Hypogonadism – OMIM Review

                  *        Adrenoleucodystrophy – OMIM Review

 

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  – classical form

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Modern Alternative Therapy Modalities

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  ( American Family Physician )

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – Technical Report ( Pediatrics, 2000 )

                 

                  *        Molecular Diagnostics of CAH due to 21-HD – CompGene Review

                  *        Neonatal Screening for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

 

                  *        Antenatal treatment of a mother bearing a fetus with CAH  (ADC, 2000 )

                  *        Prenatal Treatment of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

                  *        Twenty-Year Follow-Up of Antenatal Corticosteroid Treatment

                 

                  *        Dexamethasone Treatment of Virilizing Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

                  *        Bilateral Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy as a Treatment for Classic CAH

                  *        Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia : management during critical illness

                 

                  *        Adrenomedullary Dysplasia & Hypofunction in Classic 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

 

                  *        Links Between Early Adrenal Function and Respiratory Outcome in Preterm Infants

                  *        Prophylaxis Against Early Adrenal Insufficiency in Premature Infants

                  *        Association of Plasma Cortisol and Chronic Lung Disease in Preterm Infants

                       

                  *        Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par virsnieru problēmām

 

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*  HIPOFĪZES SLIMĪBAS

                 

                  *        Pituitary disease and Neuroendocrinology  - EndoText Review

                  *        Panhypopituitarism – eMedicine Review

                  *       

                  *        Information for Family Doctors - Pituitary Disorders

                 

                  *        eMedicine – pediatric endocrinology        

                  *        Medical Tours - Pituitary

 

                  *        Pituitary Tumors in Childhood – EndoText Review

                  *        Pituitary Tumors

                  *        Pituitary Tumor – very conspective material

                  *        Brain Tumors in Children

                 

                  *        Cushing syndrome - emedicine

                  *        Cushing’s syndrome – for students

                  *        Cushing’s syndrome – very conspective material

                  *        Sinus petrosus inferior punktion for diagnosis of Cushing Disease

 

                  *        Nelson Syndrome – eMedicine Review

                  *        Central Diabetes Insipidus in Children and Young Adults

                  *        Diabetes Insipidus

                 

                  *        SIADH

                  *        IGF-1 – a marker for diagnosis of acromegaly ( DG – use “search” )

                  *        Pharmaceutical treatment of acromegaly  ( allow “cookies” )

 

                 

                  *        Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par hipofīzes problēmām

 

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*   METABOLISMA TRAUCĒJUMI UN GENĒTISKIE SINDROMI

 

*           Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy: A Guide to Diagnosis

*           Multiple Congenital Anomaly Syndromes

                                *           Inherited Metabolic Disorders

                               

                                *           Causes and consequences of fetal acidosis ( ADC, 1999 )

                                *           Medical Tours – Chromosomal Abnormalities

                                *           DNA repair disorders (ADC, 1998 )

                               

                                *           The Importance of Newborn Screening ( Pediatrics, 2001 )

                                *           Neonatal screening on metabolic disorders using a tandem mass-spectrometry

 

                                *           Urea Cycle Disorders – Orphan Europe

                                *           The Organic Acidemias: An Overview

                                *           Disorders of Fat Oxidation - Information for Clinicians

                                *           Disorders of cholesterol biosynthesis

                                *           Malformation syndromes due to inborn errors of cholesterol synthesis (JCI, 2002)

                                *           Lysosomal Storage Disorders 

                                                                *           The Mucopolysaccharidoses

*           Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation

*            EuroGlycan, Disease with many faces, GlycoKids, CDG Network  

                                *           Mitohondriālās slimības

                                                                *           Mitohondriālo slimību teorija, klīnika, terapijas iespējas

                                                                *           Mitohondriālo slimību simptomi, diagnostika un perspektīves

                                                                *           Mitohondriālo slimību klīniskie sindromi

                                                                *           Mitochondrial respiratory-chain diseases ( NEJM, 2003 )

                                                                *           Mitohondriālā miopātija

                               

                                *           Neiromuskulārās slimības

                                *           International Skeletal Dysplasias Registry

                               

                                *           Gaucher’s Disease – GD website (ASV)  un GENZYME information page

                                *           Ar cukura diabētu saistīti sindromi

                                                                *           Wolframa sindroms

                                                                *           Wolcott-Rallison sindroms …                            

                                *           Prader-Willi un Angelman sindromi

                                                 ( 15.hromosomas defekti; attiecīgi-no tēva vai mātes puses )

                                                                *           Prader- Willi sindroms – OMIM pārskats

                                                                *           Prader-Willi sindroms – GeneReviews pārskats

                                                                *           Prader- Willi sindroms – Pediatric Database pārskats

                                                                *           Angelman sindroms – OMIM pārskats

                                                                *           Angelman sindroms – GeneReviews pārskats

                                                                *           Prader-Willi un Angelman sindromu molekulārā diagnostika

                                                               

                        *           Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome - Ondine’s Curse

( iedzimts centrālas hipoventilācijas sindroms jeb “Undīnes lāsts”  –

miegā bērnam var apstāties elpošana ! )

                       

                        *           GeneTests - a publicly funded medical genetics information resource developed

for physicians, other healthcare providers, and researchers, available at no cost

to all interested persons (GeneReviews, Laboratory Directory, Clinic Directory, Educational materials)

                                *           OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man)-iedzimto slimību pārskatu datubāze

                               

                                *           CompGene (Comprehensive Genetic Services)-plaša info un diagnost. iespējas -

CompGene is now accepting clinical referrals and samples for cytogenetic and

molecular diagnostic testing–tas gan, laikam, ir par maksu (skat. viņu mājaslapā)

                                *           European Directory for DNA Diagnostic Laboratories (EDDNAL)

                                *           Metabolic Information Network   - The Metabolic Information Network (MIN) is a

                                    not-for-profit organization for sharing reported data on inborn errors of metabolism.

This system may be useful to professionals caring for patients, to research investigators, and to patients seeking access to treatment.

                        *           Clinical Genetics - Information for genetic professionals, University of Kansas

                                        Medical Center, with clinical, research, and educational resources for genetic

counselors, clinical geneticists, and medical geneticists

 

                                *           Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par metabolisma traucējumiem & sindromiem

 

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            *         RAHĪTS, OSTEOPOROZE UN CITAS KAULU PROBLĒMAS

                       

                        *        RICKETS & VITAMIN D

                        *        RICKETS

                        *        Hypophosphatemic Rickets – eMedicine Review

                        *        Pandemy of vitamin D deficiency in the 21-st century ( allow  “cookies” )

                       

                        *        Parathyroid and Bone Disease – EndoText Review

                        *        Disorders of Calcium & Bone Metabolism-Prof. D.L. Gordon, Loyola University

 

                        *        Osteoporoze bērniem

                        *        Osteoporosis - pathogenesis

                        *        Osteoporosis in children

 

                        *        Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis and therapy – consensus statement 2000

                        *        National Osteoporosis Foundation – CLINICAL GUIDELINES

                       

                        *        Glycocorticoid-induced osteoporosis – treament

                        *        A practical approach to hypercalcemia

 

                        *        Adolescent Scoliosis

                        *        Estrogens, androgens and osteoporosis in men  ( DG – use “search” )

                        *        Anorexia neurosa-endocrine disturbancies and bone problems

                        *        Asymptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism

                        *        The Paget Foundation

                        *        Osteogenesis Imperfecta – for doctors

                        *        Parathyroid Cancer – very conspective material

 

                        *        BONE-KEY OSTEOVISION -  International Bone and Mineral Society web-lapa

A Knowledge Environment on Bone, Mineral, Cartilage and Teeth  -

for Clinicians and Researchers

 

                        *           Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par rahītu, vitamīnu D, osteoporozi un kaulu problēmām

 

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*  ADIPOZITĀTE BĒRNIEM UN PUSAUDŽIEM

                 

                  *        Obesity  - EndoText Review

                  *        Obesity in Children

                  *        Obesity in Children and Teens

                 

                  *        Management of obesity

                  *        Treatment of obesity as a chronic illness    

                  *        Surgical treatment of obesity  

                  *        Treatment of obesity with acupuncture

 

                  *        Children and Adolescents With Eating Disorders

 

                  *        11-beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase (11-b-HSD) - activity in obesity

                  *        11-beta-hydroxysteroīd-dehydrogenase – clinical manifestations of its activity

                  *        Grapefruit juice inhibits activity of 11-b-HSD ( allow “cookies”)

                 

                  *        Clinical Spectrum of Obesity and Mutations in the Melanocortin 4 Receptor Gene

                 

                  *        Nocturnal test with dexamethazone–screening on Cushing syndrome in obesity

                  *        BMI for Children and Teens

 

                 

                  *        Žurnālu raksti – abstrakti par adipozitāti un ar to saistītām problēmām

 

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*  ENURĒZES PROBLĒMA

                 

                  *        Enuresis and Voiding Abnormalities

                  *        Enurēzes medikamentozā terapija

                  *        Treating Nighttime Enuresis in Children

 

                  *        Bedwetting solutions

                  *        Enuresis treatment center

                  *        Enuresis resource and information centre

 

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